:::: MENU ::::

Upstream Journal

magazine on human rights & social justice

Posts Tagged / india

  • Jan 01 / 2014
  • 0
Journal

Farmer suicides

241,679 farmers in India committed suicide between 1995 and 2009*

framer with plow BW
Dr. Raju Das, an associate professor at York University, has done extensive research on economic development policy, agrarian change, and poverty in India. Here is some of what he had to say:

Dr Das BW

Dr. Raju Das

In 1991, the Indian government scaled back support of small-scale farmers and increased investment in infrastructure serving large agribusiness. Farmers saw decreased input subsidies, privatization of government industries, and an increase in foreign investment encouraged by tax incentives. Opening up markets to inexpensive foreign goods eroded the competitiveness of India’s crops. Forced to sell at lower prices and denied subsidies by the government, the wages of India’s farmers began to plummet.

Open markets have also given international corporations the platform to push genetically modified (GM) seeds with higher crop yield potentials, but the seeds are sold to farmers at a cost two to ten times higher than traditional seeds.

Irrigation is required for these higher yields, but the government has failed to provide irrigation facilities in any adequate way. Seventy percent of farmland still depends on monsoon rainfall, so when drought comes farmers suffer. Continue Reading

share this articleEmail this to someoneTweet about this on TwitterShare on FacebookShare on Google+Share on LinkedInShare on TumblrShare on StumbleUponShare on Reddit
  • May 01 / 2012
  • 0
Journal

“Clicktivism”

Avaaz supporters at a protest to protect the Amazon from clear-cut logging. More than 2 million people signed the Avaaz on-line campaign petition.   Photo: Avaaz

Avaaz supporters at a protest to protect the Amazon from clear-cut logging. More than 2 million people signed the Avaaz on-line campaign petition.
Photo: Avaaz


Avaaz, the online campaigning organization, leads the largest global movement on the web. Is online campaigning the future of activism?

In 2011 Indian activist Kisan Baburao (“Anna”) Hazare declared a fast unto death unless the Indian government agreed to allow civil society to draft a new anti-corruption law. 500,000 Indian citizens joined the Avaaz campaign supporting his call for reform in less than two days, and the Indian government agreed to Hazare’s demands. Continue Reading

share this articleEmail this to someoneTweet about this on TwitterShare on FacebookShare on Google+Share on LinkedInShare on TumblrShare on StumbleUponShare on Reddit
  • May 01 / 2012
  • 0
Journal

Microfinance a development model in crisis

“As she took out larger loans and built up her savings, Melvis was able to purchase some equipment and hire two additional staff. She now sells thirty cakes a week, and has her own street side shop.

“As she took out larger loans and built up her savings, Melvis was able to purchase some equipment and hire two additional staff. She now sells thirty cakes a week, and has her own street side shop.” Photo courtesy Opportunity International

Brady Josephson, national director of Opportunity International Canada, a charity providing financial services to the poor in developing countries, is eager to talk about how microfinance can succeed.

“Melvis is an unbelievable baker, amazing, who was selling, on average, eight cakes a week before she joined Opportunity. She had a great talent, but spent so much time collecting ingredients, baking without proper tools and having to do the entire cake herself she was unable to grow her business. Continue Reading

share this articleEmail this to someoneTweet about this on TwitterShare on FacebookShare on Google+Share on LinkedInShare on TumblrShare on StumbleUponShare on Reddit
  • May 10 / 2010
  • 0
Journal

“Contre-développement” au Ladakh Contrer les effets du développement conventionnel

Helena Norberg-Hodge. Photos courtoisie d’ International Society for Ecology and Culture

Helena Norberg-Hodge. Photos courtoisie d’ International Society for Ecology and Culture

Imaginez un paysage fragile mais immense, au cœur de l’Himalaya, entre des steppes arides et une vallée ensoleillée. Une communauté y vit en réciprocité avec la nature, dans une autosuffisance complète qui lui apporte une joie profonde. Le calme d’une vie simple mais remplie s’entend. Le contentement et la fierté se lisent sur les visages. Imaginez maintenant qu’on fasse miroiter à ce peuple un rêve doré, de grandeur et de richesse. Qu’on lui promette plus de productivité et un plus grand bonheur, si seulement il abandonne tout ce qu’il connaît pour adopter ce qui est nouveau, moderne. Imaginez que ces gens finissent par croire à cette fable…

Anglaise d’origine mais Ladakhie d’adoption, intellectuelle, activiste et femme de terrain, Helena Norberg-Hodge est considérée comme une pionnière dans la critique du modèle de développement dominant, particulièrement en raison de la destruction des spécificités culturelles locales qu’il provoque. Elle est reconnue pour son travail au Ladakh, et pour avoir présenté l’expérience du Ladakh comme source d’inspiration, tant pour les pays du Sud que ceux du Nord.

Elle est arrivée au Ladakh pour la première fois en 1975, tout juste après que celui-ci ait ouvert ses portes au tourisme. En 1975, il était considéré comme ayant presque été coupé du monde moderne, tant la colonisation avait eu peu d’influence sur la région. Le mode de vie était resté le même: une économie de subsistance basée sur l’agriculture, la cueillette de fruits et légumes poussant bien dans la vallée (malgré un climat aride et des températures extrêmes) et l’élevage d’animaux. Continue Reading

share this articleEmail this to someoneTweet about this on TwitterShare on FacebookShare on Google+Share on LinkedInShare on TumblrShare on StumbleUponShare on Reddit
  • Oct 28 / 2007
  • 0
Journal

Murder Ignored-Seeking justice after 2002 Hindu-Muslim violence in Gujarat

India Communal Riots-Symbol

A gathering of radical Hindus in 2002 turned into a riot at Babri Masjid, Ayodhya, setting off sectarian violence that killed more than 2,000 people in the weeks following.

Gopal Menonc’s film “Hey Ram” chronicles twelve days of anti-Muslim riots in Gujarat, India, in 2002. Years later, these crimes remain unpunished, perpetuating what is being called the “Muslim Indian genocide.”

Continue Reading

share this articleEmail this to someoneTweet about this on TwitterShare on FacebookShare on Google+Share on LinkedInShare on TumblrShare on StumbleUponShare on Reddit
Support Upstream Donate Now »